Kalimantan Island is located to the north of the island of Java, east of the Straits of Melaka, west of the island of Sulawesi and the southern Philippines. Vast island of Borneo is 743 330 km ². Kalimantan island is surrounded by the South China Sea in the west and north-west, the Sulu Sea in the north-east, the Celebes Sea and the Makassar Strait to the east and the Java Sea and the Strait of Karimata in the south. Mount Kinabalu (4095 m) which is located in Sabah, Malaysia is the highest location on the Kalimantan island. There are also Mountain Trench, Mount Lumut, and Mount Liangpran. Some of the longest river on the Kalimantan island, among others, the Kapuas River (1143 km) in West Kalimantan, Barito River (880 km) in Central Kalimantan, Mahakam River (980 km) in East Kalimantan, Indonesia, the Rajang River (562.5 km) in Sarawak , Malaysia. National Road of the Republic of Indonesia on the Kalimantan island, 6075.97 km along generally with steady state reached 77%.
Kalimantan Island has a dense forest. However, the forest area decreases due to rampant felling of trees.
Kalimantan island forest is the natural habitat for animals orangutans, Bornean elephant, rhino Borneo, porcupines, deer, tapir and several endangered species. Because of its natural resources, the Kalimantan island Indonesia is one of the six economic corridors launched by the government of the Republic of Indonesia, where Kalimantan island designated as a center of production and mineral processing and energy storages nationwide in Indonesia. With a population of only 5.6% percent of the total population of Indonesia, Kalimantan island - Indonesia contributed 9.3% to the national Gross Domestic Product of Indonesia generated from natural resources. While other areas, serving its contribution to the national Gross Domestic Product is almost equal to or less than the percentage share of the national population.
The investment on the Kalimantan island to the total national investment of Indonesia which is only 0.6%. This is a contrast to the embedded portion of the investment in Java that amount reached 72.3% of total national investment. This clearly suggests that the Kalimantan island is an island threatened not develop economically because most of the income generated on the island were taken to the island of Java. Kalimantan island is rich in minerals such as diamonds. Kalimantan Island is located in the middle of Indonesia so worthy nomination as the future location of the capital of Indonesia. Area of Kalimantan island is divided into five provinces by order of its formation:
- South Kalimantan capital of Banjarmasin
- West Kalimantan capital of Pontianak
- East Kalimantan capital of Samarinda
- Central Kalimantan capital of Palangkaraya
- North Kalimantan to the capital Tanjung Selor.
A native of Kalimantan island can be classified into 4 groups: Melayu, Melayu-Dayak, Dayak, and Dayak-Melayu. There are 5 basic culture of the indigenous Austronesian family in Kalimantan or Kalimantan Ethnic People are Melayu, Dayak, Banjar, Kutai and Paser. While the Central Bureau of Statistics census of 2010, there are tribes in Kalimantan island Indonesia grouped into three tribes Banjar, Indonesia Dayak tribes (268 tribes) and other tribes from the Kalimantan island (non Dayak and non Banjar). The Malays occupy Karimata island and coastal areas of West Kalimantan, Sarawak, Brunei to Sabah coast. Banjar tribe occupying central Kalimantan coast, Kalimanan south, to East Kalimantan. Kutai tribes and Paser occupy eastern Kalimantan. While the Dayak tribe occupies the heartland Kalimantan island.
The existence of many Chinese people in the city can be likened Singkawang Chinese community who live in the City of Fort Tangerang near Jakarta. Indeed, several cities on the Kalimantan island is politically occupied by the majority of tribes such as the Hakka immigrants (Singkawang), Javanese (Balikpapan, Samarinda), Bugis (Balikpapan, Samarinda, Pagatan, Nunukan, Tawau) and so on. The immigrant tribes trying to incorporate cultural elements with a specific reason, but they do not have a custom wilayaa and not recognized as indigenous tribes Kalimantan island, although its existence has long come across to this island. Bugis migrants was first settled parts, air-incorporation and has a historical relationship with the Malay kingdoms in Kalimantan island.
Strengthening political dominance Ethnic Chinese Indonesian(ECI) is revitalizing Lan Fang country which of course will be rejected by the tribes is not ECI, but on the other hand, the Dayak support the existence of a dragon statue. In Kalimantan culture dragon character is usually paired with ivory hornbills character, which symbolizes the harmony of the universe duumvirate the world and the underworld. A prominent immigrant tribes have made writing the offending Malays. However some cultures the tribes on the Kalimantan island is the result of adaptation, acculturation, assimilation, amalgamation, and the incorporation of cultural elements from outside such as Samarinda sarong, sarong Pagatan, wayang kulit Banjar, yarn spots (batik Dayak Ngaju), ampik (batik Dayak Kenyah), zafin dance and so on. Basically culture on the Kalimantan island is divided into inland and coastal culture. Do this every year both cultures featured in the Festival Borneo who follow the four provinces in Kalimantan island turns held each province. Kalimantan island is rich in culinary culture, including seafood dishes.
Kalimantan island there are also several neighboring countries that exist in life include:
a. 2 The states and territories Fellowship Malaysia on the island of Kalimantan:
- Sabah Kota Kinabalu with the mother country
- Kuching Sarawak with the mother country, Labuan alliance area (off the coast of Sabah)
b. State of Brunei Darussalam
The entire territory of Brunei Darussalam is on Kalimantan Island.